Spain is also called Kingdom of Spain, is a sovereign country and member of the European Union.
Spain covers most of the Iberian Peninsula, Spain´s capital is Madrid, in the souther part of Europe.
Spain includes the archipelagos of the Balearic Islands (western Mediterranean sea) and the Canary Islands (NE Atlantic ocean) and in northern Africa places of sovereignty of the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla. It has a population of 46.745.807(2009) people. Mainland Spain shares borders with France and the principality of Andorra to the north, Portugal to the west and the British overseas territory of Gibraltar to the south.
Spain has a very diverse climate throughout the entire country. Either seasons we travel to Spain the options we´ve got are unlimited. From winters along the Pyrinees Mountains, Ski resorts or the province of Aragón, to the mild Mediterranean climate predominating throughout most of the geography, southern Spain, Valencia and the Balearic Islands, to extreme temperatures as we move inland Spain, Castilla León, Castilla La Mancha with 0 temperatures during the winter time and very hot summers.
Northern Spain, the regions of Galicia and Cantabria up to the Bay of Biscay have a very different climate, characterized by abundant rainfall throughout the whole year specially in winter. The summers are hot and not as humid as the southern areas of Spain. The lanscapes between between both sides of Spain varies a lot, the north of Spain being very green and mountainous, and the south of Spain generally being flat and dry. It´s entirely up to us when do we want to visit Northern Spain, we can expect rains and cold weather from Mid September up to April, and sunny temperatures from May up to September. Either season we go we will always enjoy the northern charm. Northern Spain covers the regions of Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria, and the Basque Country and each one of the provinces have a unique charm.
Southern Spain has generally a warmer climate than the interior and northern areas and less rainfall.
The Canary Islands has a privileged geographical location in the coast of Africa with a subtropical climate, with warm temperatures throughout the year and low rainfall (most abundant in the Western Canary Islands). Astonishing landscapes and nature, each Canary Island has it´s own climate and particular nature. From the tropical forests of Tenerife, to the long white sandy beaches of Lanzarote and Fuerteventura.
If you want to get away from the "beach, Sun and Sangria" Spain, there is a lot on offer in the country. From the ski resorts in the Pyrinees Mountains, along the province of Aragón and the Vall D´Aran Valley in Catalunya, there is ski resorts and wonderful places for trekking and hiking.
If you like wild trekking and astonishing views, in the island of Mallorca in the Balearic Islands, we can go to Mondragó, Soller, or Santanyí and countless places and pretty towns of Mallorca to explore for only a couple of hours or spend the whole day on the go.
Northern Spain, from Galicia to the Basque Country we´ll be surprised how it varies from north to south of the country. Mountains, lakes, wonderful green scenary, charmy towns and an exquisite cuisine.
With many people wanting to move to rural and country side areas of Spain there is associations in Spain that will give you advise and information on making that move.
Easter it´s a popular tradition in Spain, with ceremonial processions through out the country between March and April. Carnival, most famous in Tenerife, Seville´s April Fair in Andalucia, San Fermin -the "Running of the Bulls" in Pamplona, the "Tomatina" in Buñol, Valencia(Tomato Festival) are very famous festivals in Spain too.
Spanish cuisine consists of a great variety of dishes which stem from differences in geography, culture and climate. It is heavily influenced by seafood available from the waters that surround the country, and reflects the country's deep Mediterranean roots.
Spain's extensive history with that many cultural influences has led to a unique cuisine. The two main divisions in spanish cuisine are:
the Mediterranean Spain in the coastal regions from Catalunya to Andalucia with the use of seafood as an important resource, Inner Spain, Castilla, La Mancha, with the use of meat, the famous spanish ham, olive oil are important ingredients, and the norther regions of Spain or Atlantic Spain – the whole Northern coast, from Galicia to Navarre vegetable, fish-based stews and seafood are the most significant dishes.
Spanish architecture refers to architecture carried out during any era in what is now modern-day Spain, and by famous Spanish architects worldwide. Due to its historical and geographical diversity, Spanish architecture has drawn from a host of influences, romans, arabs, celts. The arrival of Modernism in the academic arena produced much of the architecture of the 20th century. An influential style centered in Barcelona, known as modernisme, produced a number of important architects of which Gaudí is one of them. Spain is currently experiencing a revolution in contemporary architecture and Spanish architects like Rafael Moneo, Santiago Calatrava(Chicago Spire), Ricardo Bofill with works such as Les Temples du Lac, Paris, or La Place du Nombre d'Or, Montpellier both in France, have gained worldwide renown.
One of the influences in Spain´s society it´s the globalization and freemasonic societies behind politics and the lack of underestanding between the communities, regions and politicians of Spain´s(former Iberia) own languages, such as Vasc, Catalan, Galician and Spanish. Main concerns for spaniards today are unemployment and ETA´s terrorism.
The so called "traditions" such as bullfighting are still common in Spain, join our campaigns to stop them. The Bull Tribune
Festivals are an important part we should consider when visiting Spain and a different way to see the country. The Classical Theatre Festival from Mérida it´s held in an old Roman Amphitheatre in Mérida, in the province of Badajoz. Sonar Festival it´s a very important event of electronic and audiovisual arts held in Barcelona, and the Los Monegros Desert Festival it´s an important electronic festival held in the spanish desert of Los Monegros. Ibiza is also flourishing with new festivals and events with musicians from all over the world coming over to the island, check About Ibiza for more.