Here are the best samples of pine forests and high mountain vegetation of Tenerife. This area was designated a such by the Canarian Government in 1994. It is the largest protected area of the archipelago. It is made up most of the base of the volcanic structure of the Caldera de Las Cañadas and the building geological Teide-Pico Viejo, forming a continuous ring which is between 300 and 2715 meters over sea level. It consists of slopes, sometimes steep, arranged around the three pillars that comprise the island of Tenerife (La Esperanza, Teno and Adeje), which are the result of intense volcanic activity effusive fissure. Among his outstanding geomorphological units huge ravines and large valleys north and south. This park contains the best preserved pine forests of Tenerife as well as good examples of bracers, laurel and settler communities of recent lava flows and volcanic craters. In the higher areas, above 2,000 meters high mountain bush there. In this woodland highlights some very old populations of Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis) of great value as well as the presence of highly endangered plant species. There are also numerous endemic animals in the Park. Among the existing habitats deserve special mention volcanic tubes as they are the refuge of many species of bats and invertebrates endemic Troglobites.
It covers the municipalities of Los Realejos, Adeje, Vilaflor, Guía de Isora, Santiago del Teide, Garachico, Icod de los Vinos, La Orotava, La Guancha, San Juan de la Rambla, Granadilla, Arico, Fasnia, El Tanque, Güímar, Arafo y Candelaria.
Teide National Park
Teide National Park is the best example of alpine volcanic ecosystem in the Canary Islands. Includes threatened habitats such as hidropétricos, subterraneans, etc. that their layout and height are affected annually, to varying degrees, for periods of snow contributing to maintain essential ecological processes such as recharge of aquifers. Their unique full of endemic flora includes a dozen endangered species, and invertebrates have unique ways of which only a few specimens are known. Geomorphically, the whole structure of the caldera and the Teide Pico Viejo large are of international significance, but there are a variety of elements as pythons, caves, domes, etc.. that enhance the scientific interest and spectacle of this area. The landscape of the park is by definition of the most striking of the island and is a powerful magnet for millions of tourists who annually visit it.
Teide National Park covers the municipalities of La Orotava, Los Realejos, San Juan de la Rambla, La Guancha, Icod de los Vinos, Garachico, Santiago del Teide, Guía de Isora, Adeje, Vilaflor, Granadilla y Fasnia.