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This important Spanish historical province is located in the northern part of the Iberian Peninsula, in the Duero basin. Old Kingdom, was the fruit of the union between the Kingdoms of Castile and Leon.
Avila, Salamanca and Segovia are three World Heritage Cities in Castile and Leon. It is one of the largest regions of Spain and Europe. The lone oak and junipers that draw the plain landscape Castile and remnants of forests that have long covered the very same land.
You could say that this community is a land of men and history.
The history of this province often leads to confusion with the history of Spain. Castile and Leon was a region that was inhabited by Iberians, Celts and Ligurians. It was later a Roman province, became important under Visigothic rule and was conquered by the Arabs.
The Crown of Castile existed the first time when Ferdinand I inherit the Kingdom of Castile in 1037, and I married Queen Sancha of Leon, and one partner in establishing a nominal union that will break the death of the King. As had been happening in the medieval Leonese traditions, the heritage of the kingdom concept and the absence of a definite hereditary way left to the eldest son and next the second child. The second dynastic union of Castile and Leon will occur during the reign of Alfonso VI of León, to the death of his brother Sancho de Castilla, who had previously divested of their reign of Alfonso León, and the third and final union of the two kingdoms takes place under the reign of St. Ferdinand in 1230, being now king of Castile, after the Pact of the Ladies II which leaves out Sancha and Dulce, daughter of Alfonso IX and heirs of the kingdom, is crowned King of Leon great opposition from the clergy and gentry of Leon. The basis of the dynastic unification of the kingdoms of Castile and Leon, separated only seven decades. It had started in 1194. Alfonso VIII and Alfonso IX in Tordehumos signed the treaty that pacified the area of Tierra de Campos and put the foundations of a future reunification of the kingdoms, established in 1230 with Fernando III "the Saint". This agreement has gone down in history as the Treaty of Tordehumos.
The actual Government of Castile and Leon is one of the oldest parliamentary institutions of Europe.
The biggest route, the Duero river goes through 5 of the provinces of Castilla León, Soria, Burgos, Valladolid, Zamora and Salamanca. The river Duero rises in the Picos de Urbión in Soria and ends in the city of O'Porto in Portugal. The Duero River, with 897 km long, passes through valleys, canyons, dams and a so diverse landscape that will surprise us.
This important canal was built between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries as a waterway for transporting goods. It crosses the provinces of Palencia, Valladolid, and Burgos. The canal runs along 207 km linking the villages of Alar del Rey (Palencia), which has its source, and Valladolid and Medina del Rio Seco, located respectively at the end of the branches and Sur de Campos. Today, this great inverted "Y" runs from north to south in the Castilian-Leonese region and still retains a valuable network of locks, mills, warehouses and docks of great interest and landscape value.
A Castle of Arab origin, it was extensively modified in the fifteenth century. It belonged to several noble families (Bravo de Sanabria, Saravia, Ríos). It is said that writer Gustavo Adolfo Becquer puts two of his romantic tales and words of an existing plaque placed at the entrance, the castle was the birthplace of Eleanor, wife and muse of spanish writer Antonio Machado.
Castle brick of Moorish style. Developed by the archbishop of Seville, Don Alonso de Fonseca, during the reigns of John II and Henry IV. Currently owned by the Dukes of Alba, being ceded to use by the Castile and Leon City Council, which currently uses it as a Forest School.
Home to the Castile and Leon Courts, it was built by the Vivero Family in the fifteenth century.
Tradition and customs are mixed in Castile´s cuisine. The large geographical extent of this region makes their dishes very varied and traditional.