Recognized as a nationality on its Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia, this is one of the communities with more economic growth within the regions of Spain, its main economic base is industry, and Barcelona one of the most visited cities in Europe.
Catalonia has important figures in almost all areas of the arts and humanities and also in the field of research. The geographical situation of Catalonia has facilitated the penetration of the currents of European art and thought, the presence of an important capital of Barcelona has helped to strengthen and disseminate the Catalan culture and science. Located northeast of the Iberian Peninsula, Catalonia covers an area of about 32,000 km ², bordered to the north by France (Midi-Pyrenees and Languedoc-Roussillon) and Andorra, on the east by the Mediterranean Sea along the coastal strip of about 580 miles to the south by the Comunidad Valenciana (Castellón), and West with Aragon (Zaragoza, Teruel and Huesca).
Catalonia has a Mediterranean climate, although with large variations in temperature between the coastline, with a mild climate, warm in winters and very hot in summers, and the interior has a continental Mediterranean climate, with very cold winters and hot summers. The mountainous areas near the Pyrenees have a high mountain climate, with minimum temperatures below zero and heavy snows in winter. Like some other parts in the rest of the Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula, Catalonia was colonised by Ancient Greeks, who settled around the Roses area. Both Greeks and Carthaginians (who, in the course of the Second Punic War, briefly ruled the territory) interacted with the main Iberian substratum. After the Carthaginian defeat, it became, along with the rest of Hispania, a part of the Roman Empire, Tarraco , today´s Tarragona was one of the main Roman posts in the Iberian Peninsula. The remains of this ancient cultures can still be seen through out the province. Catalunya has 4 provinces: Barcelona, Lleida, Girona, and Tarragona.
The Catalan coast has over 500 km in length, and it´s known also as the Costa Brava, although the definition reaches 754.8 km. The coast tends to be straight without major geographical accidents. The only maritime geographical accidents configures the Pyrenees contact with the sea, forming Cape Creus, near which lies the Gulf of Rosas. Subsequently and until the Costa Brava Blanes is characterized by high cliffs and small secluded "calas"(small beaches). Then follows a long line of beaches of the Maresme, parallel to the coastal mountain range, and only cut by several commercial and fishing ports. Barcelona's coastline is characterized by artificial beaches and a large commercial port that extends along nine kms. The southern part of the port was developed on the plain of the Delta del Llobregat, that after the port coast draws a soft line just over 18km.
Aigüestortes National Park and Lake San Mauricios: Está
It is located in the central Pyrenees and divided between four different regions: Upper Ribagorza, Pallars Sobirà, Pallars Jussà, and the Aran Valley in the province of Lerida, covering in its central part, the territory of the municipalities Espot and the Bohí Valley. The geography of the mountain park is because much of the territory is over 1,000 meters high, with peaks exceeding 3,000 meters high. Abound Quaternary glacial lakes. Stand, together, two valleys: the valley west of the St. Nicholas, with its meadows and meandering characteristic which comes the name of "Aigüestortes (tortuous waters). East Escrita river valley with the lake of St. Moritz(San Mauricio).
Natural Park of Montseny: The Natural Park of Montseny is one of the
12 natural reserves managed by the Council of Barcelona and is situated in the Catalan pre-coastal mountain range, which is the highest massif in Catalunya. We´ll find Montseny between the regions of Osona, Vallès Oriental and La Selva. Highlights the sharp relief that presents and rich ecological variety. For this reason in 1978 Unesco declared Montseny a Reserve of the Biosphere. This natural park is the oldest in Catalonia and is also one of the most important. Montseny Natural Park covers an area of 30,120 ha with eighteen municipalities belonging to three counties. Its natural boundaries are the Arbúcies Riera, the upper courses of the Major Riera and Gurri River, the Congost, and the Vallès Flat lands. Known everywhere for its beautiful landscapes, precisely, the name comes from the Latin Mont Signus(Mount Signal), manifests the appearance of relief.
The provinces are the oldest administrative division still in force in Catalonia. In the group of municipalities and take the name of their capital, the Autonomous Community of Catalonia came through the former union of four provinces: