This province in the interior of Spain borders with Portugal. Although the official language is Castilian, there is some districts such as Olivenza that speaks a dialect of Portuguese. The two provinces that make Extremadura are Badajoz and Caceres, which are the largest areas in Spain.
Extremadura bounds north by Castilla and León(provinces of Salamanca and Avila), on the south with Andalusia(provinces of Huelva, Seville and Cordoba), on the east, Castile-La Mancha (provinces of Toledo and Ciudad Real), and on the west with the neighbouring Portugal. Extremadura's economy relies on agriculture, tourism, and small companies.
Extremadura has 3 locations that have been declared World Heritage Site by the UNESCO, the old city of Caceres, the Archaeological Site of Merida, which is one of the largest in Spain, and the Royal Monastery of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
The territory of Extremadura was an ancient Roman province called Lusitania. The capital of the province of Lusitania was Emerita Augusta, and soon became a bright and wealthy city, that had nothing to envy from the other two Hispanic provincial former capitals, Tarraco and Corduba.
It was the 9th largest city in his time throughout the Roman Empire, even more than Athens. The passage of this civilization has left a lot of important landmarks and treasures in Extremadura.
Extremadura has numerous parks and natural treasures. Excellent hiking trails, living nature, and history through their paths. The beauty of Extremadura can only be seen once we set foot on the province.
Sierra de Gata Mountains: This protected open space, and landscapes of great beauty, Sierra de Gata occupies the most north-eastern area of Extremadura. Major oil producers and high quality wines, is a must-visit in the area.
Monfragüe Natural Park: This is one of 14 natural parks there is in Spain, and it´s certainly one of the most beautifull Natural Parks in Spain, in the province of Cáceres.
Tajo Natural Park: In the province of Cáceres and part of Portugal is one of the two natural parks which are in the community of Extremadura.
Garganta de los Infiernos Natural Reserve: Infiernos Natural Reserve is a protected natural area located north of the province of Cáceres, in the far west of Sierra de Gredos. The reserve has abundant waterfalls, streams, waterfalls, natural pools and large circular pools carved by erosion of river water. The high levels of humidity in the area turn contribute to enhancing the vegetation of high ecological value. The native fauna is very abundant, hosting several endangered species.
Extremadura has many natural and historical landmarks, such as the "Old City of Cáceres", the "Walled City of Plasencia", the "City of Trujillo", "Via de la Plata" or "Silver Road" which was an old roman communication which goes from Mérida to Astorga.
The Yuste Monastery in La Vera, north east of the province was declared European Heritage Site.
In the Sierra de Guadalupe mountain range you should do a stop over in the town of Guadalupe and consider hiking La Ruta de Isabel La Católica(Isabel la Católica route). The trail starts in the Village of Cañamero which we can easily get there by bus. It´s a 17km trail well marked through beautifull lakes, hills before returning to the village. The trail takes about 8hours.
Extremadura's climate is Mediterranean, except in the north of the province where has continental climate with colder temperatures during the winter, and in the west, where the influence of Atlantic makes it softer. In general, given that this is a Mediterranean climate is characterized by hot dry summers with little rainfalls and very cold winters.
Francisco de Zurbarán, painter born in Fuente de Cantos 1598-1664
Pedro de Ibarra, architect. One of the biggest spanish architect in the XVI
Francisco Pizarro, Hernan Cortés, explorers.